Line 422 at Kandos Projects

Part of the straight-line residency accepted by Kandos Projects has been installed in those parts of Kandos Projects where the line would be visible from the street - the ground-floor easterly pair of front windows, and  the most westerly upstairs window. It will stay there from 12 - 31 August 2012 as part of the Williams River Valley Artists' Project's residency in Kandos Projects.

There are 2 reasons why only part of the line has been installed. Firstly, the exhibition space of Kandos Projects is limited to what is visible from the street and the rest of the building is not normally open to the public. Secondly, we have not yet worked out whether, when it moves into three dimensional space, a straight line takes on the literal visibility of things in three-dimensional space, or whether it would retain the invisibility of things that belong in the realm of thought or imagination - if the latter, it may in fact be present throughout the building without being visible. (This question of the relationships between the space of thought and the space of the body is one that underlies this straight-line residency project.)

Available on a front window is information for visitors to read and take away. This explains the location of the line throughout the building in text and diagram:
• the text is a written description of where the line lies between the end on the floor inside the westerly door and the other other end at the join between wall and under-stair in the ground floor of the easterly shop.  Download written description here.  (The discussion of what we hope to achieve with these residencies can be found here.)
• the diagram shows where lines would be found in each room of the building. These can be cut out and folded-up to make a model of the building with the line.
Download the two page diagram here: Kandos 422 foldup sm
Download the 10 page version here: Kandos 422 foldup individualrooms

To see and twirl the line as a 3D model:
• download Sketchup Viewer
• download  Kandos 422 all to twirl the line in the building
• download Kandos 422 lineonly to twirl the line without the building

4 Straight Line Residency proposals for Building 25 at the National Art School

This building would be a good host because of the variation in shapes of the rooms - they are not all completely right-angled.   To see the proposals in Sketchup, visit the exhibition Joe Frost has curated in building 25 at the National Art School, Artworks and Artwords, or download Sketchup and each of  proposals 1, 2, 3 & 4, and twirl the lines on your own computer.

Residency proposal for kandosprojects

The SLR project is proposing several straight-line residencies for kandosprojects in central NSW, Australia. Each residency differs according to the length of the line and where, and in what direction, each line would begin to lie across the interior of the building.

To guide you through the proposal, here are still images of models of the building itself (twin ex-shops with living quarters), the building with one of the residency proposals, and that same residency proposal shown without the building that supports it. Other possible residencies are still to be posted.

Soon you will be able to see the three dimensional model itself. To do this you first need to download sketchup. Then download a file by clicking on the caption beside one of the still images. Then open it in sketchup and twirl away.

Sometime soon, if kandosprojects likes one or more of the residency proposals, and a line actually arrives to take up residence, come to Kandos or walk down the street and see it in the building as well.


For those who want a one-page outline of how to participate in the Straight-line Residency Project, download the summary here.


A 3D computer model of Manns Hill Hut has been made by the SLR Project in response to the expression of interest by the Williams River Valley Artists' Project (WRVAP).

Out of the many possible ways in which straight lines could occupy its two self-contained parts, two were selected and proposed to the WRVAP.

This proposal was presented as the still images below (showing the line-residencies as they would appear from the top of Manns Hill - and what would become the only island in the Tillegra Dam if it is ever built as planned) and as 3D computer models. To see the 3D models, download line one and two and twirl them in Sketchup Viewer.

Below is the double page entry for this proposal in the planned publication, Straight-line residency proposals, a project to promote interdimensional travel and understanding, as laid out using the free bookmaking software, Booksmart.

The SLRP is waiting to see if the WRVAP wants to take this process any further and actually install the lines in the hut so that the residencies can begin.


Sample proposal of a Straight-Line Residency in a box, by Horst Kiechle

The Straight-Line Residency Project is looking for expressions of interest by people and institutions in hosting a straight-line in a building or other location to which they have some access.

If you would like to participate in this way, a rationale for the project is provided below. Other posts provide an outline of the measurements and contextual information the project is asking you to provide. A sample expression of interest is provided in another post.

In the second stage, the SLR Project will use the information you provide through this expression of interest, to prepare a 3D computer-model that shows how a straight-line would occupy your location.

At the conclusion of this second stage, the project plans to produce an on-line publication of proposals, supported by the contextual information provided in each expression of interest.

If you are then interested in taking the residency proposal to the next stage, negotiations can begin on the realisation of the straight-line-in-residence in your host location.

Regardless of how far you want to take your participation, your expression of interest in hosting a line in a location of your choice will enable this project to begin. Of course, there is no obligation on you or the SLR Project to take an expression of interest to any of its later stages.

Rationale of the Straight-Line Residency Project:

A ready-made model for the Straight-Line Residency (SLR) project is provided by the account of travel between the zero, one, two and three dimensional spaces of Pointland, Lineland, Flatland and Spaceland by Edwin A. Abbot (1838-1926).(1) In this account, the dimensions are distinguished by the limits of their spatial paradigms more than by any notion of different objective realities. Consequently, the reason that, as Spacelanders, we cannot occupy Abbott's Pointland, Lineland or Flatland is not because we occupy a different physical space necessarily, but because we occupy a different paradigm and thus lack the spatial frameworks of the other dimensions. This is because, as Spacelanders, we 'have higher views of things' and thus insufficient faith in the mysteries that are unexplained by other dimensional paradigms and that are reflected in their scientific theories and even their social values (though some of the latter sound horribly familiar).

Our purpose in encouraging straight-line visits to Spaceland is not to promote Spaceland paradigms to other dimensions so much as to experiment with interdimensional travel to see what straight-lines look like once situated within the three-dimensional forms provided by the SLR hosts. Our main interest is how our observation of Linelanders' and Flatlanders' responses to Spaceland prompts us see our own familiar space with new eyes. We want to see how straight-lines bend and curve over the forms that wrap around us as we inhabit them.

Abbott's account is written in 1884 for mathematicians, but the idea of interdimensional travel can be seen in art practices that experiment with the 'merging of art and life' and that attempt to escape the spatially autonomous art object. The work of Helena Almeida is a good model for the SLR project because it suggests the possibility of recognition and movement between the spaces of artworks and the places in which they are located, rather than their merging. This is especially so in her Inhabited Drawings in which actions crossing the picture planes that separate the virtual space of images and the literal space of their locations, suggest that each space is valued equally rather than one being defined at the expense of the other.(4) This movement resembles Abbott's notion of interdimensional space travel because, in his account as well, the spaces retain their integrity rather than one disappearing into the other (even though this is maintained too rigidly by Abbott sometimes, as when the Square is jailed on returning from Spaceland for refusing to recant his new-found belief in three-dimensionality.(5))

Interdimensional movement is also a common part of the artmaking process regardless of whether it produces cross-spatial work--we create a type of movement from the Spaceland we occupy into the artspaces that we create with them when we transform concrete objects, materials and processes into images or other constructions that comprise artwork. This movement is also not limited to art, as we are all also accustomed to travelling into the virtual spaces of images, films and stories as a regular part of modern daily life.

However this movement is usually in only one direction, from Spaceland into virtual spaces of the imagination or intellect. The SLR project aims to experiment with movement in the opposite direction--for visits into Spaceland, starting with visits by straight-lines from Abbott's Flatland and Lineland. (Visits by circles, polygons, triangles and other Flatland shapes could be considered at another stage, thuogh even those look like straight lines when seen in Flatland.) As well as providing the opportunity to see what straight-lines look like in their new situations, this may also stimulate Spacelanders' interest in our own dimension by showing that it can be a dimensional destination of choice, in contrast to our tendency to take it for granted or think of it as just too literal, or even as something that gets in the way. The renewal of interest in the physicality of Spaceland is especially needed now that its climate seems to be reacting to its long-term neglect by raising its temperatures and melting its icecaps.

However these hopes for the project rely on expressions of interest in hosting a straight-line residency, as its first stage. If you are interested in this project and there is a physical place or location that is significant to you, all you need to do at this stage is measure it and provide the information about the location requested in the specifications for Expressions of Interest. The SLR project will study each expression of interest received, to determine how a straight-line would best occupy its proposed location. This second stage will result in the publication of a collection of proposals, each one describing the location and proposing how it considers a straight-line would best occupy it. Each host would then have the opportunity to decide whether or not it wanted to work with the project towards the realisation of the particular residency proposed for its location. This third stage is a more open-ended one as each residency would need to be negotiated individually, depending on the circumstances.

(1) Edwin A. Abbott Flatland: A Romance in Many Dimensions (1884), Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, 1992


(3) Nicolas Bourriaud, Relational Aesthetics , 1998, trans Simon Pleasance & Fronza Woods: France: les Presse du réel, 2002

(4) For images, see Margaret Roberts, Art and the Status of Place , in Scope: Contemporary Research Topics (art: 3) p129 (

(5) The SLR project draws selectively from Abbott's Flatland - it is more interested in its mathematical dimension than in the social values projected onto Flatland in the construction of the narrative. As well, the length of lines to be offered residencies will be determined by the host location.


Your Expression of Interest should contain the following information:

Please provide measurements of the space you propose as a host. These do not need to be professional architectural drawings, as long as they are drawn, readable and metric, and accurately describe the shape of the space.

While the most practical residency will be within the interior of an architectural form, please provide the external measurements if an exterior (or mixed interior/exterior) residency is more appropriate for your host space.

A host can be a single space or multiple spaces (eg multiple rooms and/or storeys). In the latter case, doors etc will be left open to provide the opportunity for the residency to extend into multiple rooms.

Measurements should be as detailed as possible, and where there are gaps in information, the SLR project will design a proposal on the basis of what is most likely given the other information provided.

For example, measurements of a conventional architectural interior should be a drawn plan which shows:

• width and length of the floor(s) - for each storey and for each individual room

• lengths and height of walls and distances between windows, doors etc

• height and width of windows, doors, indentations such as fireplaces etc, and their locations in relation to wall edges

• shape of ceilings (eg flat; if not flat, draw plan & side views with measurements)

• if multiple rooms or storeys: thickness of walls, width of space between storeys, size of openings between storeys for stairs, etc (most common or likely dimensions will be used if this is not provided)

• indicate angles if other than 90 or 180 degrees

• any other information needed to describe the shape of the particular space.

(Please check back to this page as we may discover additional things to list here.)

Your preference(s) for a starting point and direction for the Straight-Line's residency. If these are not provided, we will determine them. (The length of the straight-line proposed for your space will depend on the interaction between the shape of the space, the location of the two end points of the line, and the line's initial direction.)

Please provide visual and written information that explains why you are proposing this space as a host. Please include its location and anything about its history and how it is occupied that helps explain its value to you. Text can be in any language (please provide your own English translation if possible). This can be provided in a text of any length, but will need to be maximum of 450 words when included in the on-line publication. (A picture of you in the space would also be great.)